Background: The objective of this study was to clarify the significance of perivascular lymphocytic infiltrates (PLI) in endometrial carcinoma.
Methods: The pathologic records of 127 patients with endometrioid type adenocarcinoma confined to the uterus were reviewed retrospectively. The patients were divided into 4 groups based on the presence or absence of vascular invasion (VI) and PLI: VI-PLI- (n = 87), VI-PLI+ (n = 7), VI+PLI+ (n = 22), and VI+PLI- (n = 11). Pathologic features including tumor grade, myometrial invasion, cervical involvement, vascular invasion-associated changes (VIAC; VI and/or PLI), tumor size, ovarian metastasis, and pelvic lymph node metastasis were assessed statistically.
Results: Selective pelvic lymphadenectomy was performed in 108 patients, and metastasis was identified in 6 cases (5.6%). Lymph node metastasis was the only independent variable related to recurrence (Cox regression analysis, P = 0.0008). Perivascular lymphocytic infiltrates correlated closely with VI (Fisher exact test, P < 0.0001). Vascular invasion-associated changes was the best predictor of lymph node metastasis (logistic regression analysis, P = 0.039), but among the three categories of VIAC, only the VI+PLI- group was significantly associated with lymph node metastasis (P = 0.0045). The odds ratios of VI+PLI- and VI+PLI+ cases for lymph node metastasis were 64.54 and 3.24, respectively.
Conclusions: Although VIAC is the best predictor of lymph node metastasis, the presence of PLI is associated with a lower risk of lymph node metastasis among VIAC groups.
Copyright 2001 American Cancer Society.