Mediastinal tumors: diagnosis and treatment

World J Surg. 2001 Feb;25(2):204-9. doi: 10.1007/s002680020020.


Mediastinal tumors are uncommon and often asymptomatic if benign. Tumors have a predilection for arising in one of three mediastinal compartments; anterior, middle, or posterior. If symptoms are present, they are usually compressive in origin. Computed tomography is almost always the imaging modality of choice. Benign-appearing lesions are usually resected for cure. Malignant-appearing lesions usually require biopsy by the least invasive route appropriate for the suspected tumor type.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Castleman Disease / surgery
  • Goiter, Substernal / surgery
  • Humans
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Male
  • Mediastinal Neoplasms / diagnosis*
  • Mediastinal Neoplasms / surgery*
  • Paraganglioma / surgery
  • Parathyroid Neoplasms / surgery
  • Seminoma / surgery
  • Testicular Neoplasms / surgery
  • Thymus Neoplasms / diagnostic imaging
  • Thymus Neoplasms / surgery
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed