Xenobiotics and breastfeeding

Pediatr Clin North Am. 2001 Apr;48(2):485-504. doi: 10.1016/s0031-3955(08)70040-3.


Breastfeeding provides important benefits to mothers and infants and should be encouraged strongly as the optimal feeding choice for most infants. In assessing the effects of maternal medication on breastfeeding, clinicians must weigh the many benefits of breastfeeding for mothers and infants against the risk for exposing infants to a drug as it is present in breast milk. With regard to most medications, continued breastfeeding despite drug exposure is advantageous to mothers and infants.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Breast Feeding / adverse effects*
  • Drug Prescriptions
  • Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions*
  • Environmental Exposure / adverse effects
  • Environmental Exposure / analysis
  • Environmental Monitoring / methods
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Lactation / drug effects*
  • Milk, Human / chemistry*
  • Mothers / education
  • Patient Education as Topic / methods
  • Pediatrics / methods
  • Risk Assessment
  • Safety
  • Xenobiotics / adverse effects*


  • Xenobiotics