Recent reports suggest that linoleic acid (LA) epoxides and diols are associated with important physiological, pharmacological, and pathological events in vivo. We have shown recently that LA-diols are excellent substrates for human liver microsomal UDP-glucuronosyltransferases (UGTs); however, it is not known if other human tissues glucuronidate LA-diols or which UGT isozyme(s) is involved. The present studies with human intestinal microsomes indicate that glucuronidation of LA-diols occurs throughout the gastrointestinal tract, with the highest activity in the small intestine. LA-diols yielded exclusively hydroxyl-linked glucuronides, whereas LA yielded the carboxyl-linked glucuronide. Studies with human recombinant UGTs demonstrated that only UGT2B7 glucuronidated LA and LA-diols. Kinetic analysis with UGT2B7 yielded apparent K(m) values in the range of 40-70 microM and V(max) values from 4.5 to 5.4 nmol/mg x min. These studies indicate that LA and LA-diols are excellent substrates for intestinal UGTs and provide the first evidence for UGT2B7 being the major isoform involved.
Copyright 2001 Academic Press.