Beans, as a source of dietary fiber, increase cholecystokinin and apolipoprotein b48 response to test meals in men

J Nutr. 2001 May;131(5):1485-90. doi: 10.1093/jn/131.5.1485.


Dry beans lower plasma cholesterol, an effect that has been associated with both the fiber and the protein content of beans. The objective of this study was to determine the acute hormone and lipid responses to a test meal that contained dry beans as a source of dietary fiber. A crossover design was employed in which men consumed the test meal and a control meal in random order. Both meals contained egg, bread, jelly, orange juice, milk and margarine. The high fiber meal contained white beans, whereas the low fiber (control) meal contained rice and dry milk. The men maintained their normal dietary pattern and fasted overnight before the study days. After a fasting blood sample was drawn, the men consumed the test meal and blood samples were collected over the next 6 h. Blood samples were analyzed for cholecystokinin (CCK), insulin and glucose. Plasma was separated into lipoprotein fractions and the triglyceride, cholesterol, apolipoprotein (apo) B100 and B48 content of triglyceride-rich lipoproteins determined. Insulin and glucose responses did not differ significantly between test meals; however, the CCK response was twice as high after the bean-containing meal than after the low fiber meal (P = 0.03). The increase in apo B48 concentration was significantly higher after the bean meal than after the low fiber meal (P < 0.05). Adding beans to a meal to increase fiber content prolongs the postprandial presence of intestinally derived lipoproteins and augments the CCK response to the meal.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Analysis of Variance
  • Apolipoprotein B-48
  • Apolipoproteins B / blood*
  • Blood Glucose / drug effects*
  • Body Mass Index
  • Cholecystokinin / blood*
  • Cross-Over Studies
  • Dietary Fiber / administration & dosage
  • Dietary Fiber / pharmacology*
  • Fabaceae*
  • Humans
  • Insulin / blood
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Plants, Medicinal*
  • Postprandial Period
  • Triglycerides / blood


  • Apolipoprotein B-48
  • Apolipoproteins B
  • Blood Glucose
  • Dietary Fiber
  • Insulin
  • Triglycerides
  • Cholecystokinin