Heterogeneity of DNA methylation status analyzed by bisulfite-PCR-SSCP and correlation with clinico-pathological characteristics in colorectal cancer

Clin Chem Lab Med. 2001 Feb;39(2):121-8. doi: 10.1515/CCLM.2001.021.


Aberrant DNA methylation has been identified as an important mechanism for inactivation of tumor suppressor genes and mismatch repair genes during carcinogenesis. We used bisulfite treatment and the PCR-single strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP) (BiPS) technique to analyze methylation status of the promoter regions of the hMLH1, p16, and HIC1 genes in several cancer cell lines and colorectal cancer tissues. The methylation of the hMLH1, p16 and HIC1 genes was observed in 2, 8, and 13 of 13 cancer cell lines, respectively. The SSCP for p16 and HIC1 in each of the methylation-positive cell lines were similar, indicating relative homogeneity of methylation status and complete methylation in the cell lines. Methylation was observed in 8, 5, and 21 of 25 colorectal cancer tissues for the hMLH1, p16, and HIC1 genes, respectively. The methylated bands revealed by BiPS analysis of the hMLH1 gene were homogeneous, whereas those of the p16 and HIC1 genes were different in each case. The methylation of the promoter region of the HIC1 gene in colorectal cancer was observed most frequently and could serve as a sensitive marker for colorectal cancer. Methylation status of the hMLH1 and p16 gene promoters was correlated with microsatellite instability status, tumor location, and differentiation but not with K-ras mutation or allelic loss of p53.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Base Pair Mismatch
  • Carrier Proteins
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Colon / metabolism
  • Colorectal Neoplasms / genetics*
  • Colorectal Neoplasms / metabolism*
  • Colorectal Neoplasms / pathology
  • DNA Methylation*
  • DNA Repair / genetics
  • DNA, Neoplasm / chemistry
  • DNA, Neoplasm / metabolism
  • Female
  • Genes, Tumor Suppressor
  • Genes, p16
  • Humans
  • Kruppel-Like Transcription Factors
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • MutL Protein Homolog 1
  • Neoplasm Proteins / genetics
  • Nuclear Proteins
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction / methods
  • Polymorphism, Single-Stranded Conformational
  • Transcription Factors / genetics
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured


  • Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing
  • Carrier Proteins
  • DNA, Neoplasm
  • Hic1 protein, mouse
  • Kruppel-Like Transcription Factors
  • MLH1 protein, human
  • Mlh1 protein, mouse
  • Neoplasm Proteins
  • Nuclear Proteins
  • Transcription Factors
  • MutL Protein Homolog 1