Introduction: Expression of somatostatin receptor subtype 2 (sst 2) in angiogenic tumor vessels appears to be homogeneous, while tumor cell expression of this receptor is often heterogeneous. We have developed a novel in vitro three-dimensional tumor angiogenesis model to study the antitumor and the antiangiogenic effects of radiolabeled somatostatin analogs. We hypothesized that targeted in situ radiation with an Auger electron-emitting radiolabeled somatostatin analog would produce receptor-specific cytotoxicity in sst 2-expressing cells.
Materials and methods: IMR-32 human neuroblastoma (sst 2-positive) and MDA MB-231 human breast cancer (sst 2-negative) xenografts were created in nude mice from monolayer cell cultures. Fragments of these tumors were embedded in three-dimensional fibrin gels supplemented with endothelial growth media and incubated for a period of 14 days. Tumor fragments were treated with 50 microCi/ml of (111)In-JIC 2DL, a sst 2-preferring somatostatin analog, or medium on Day 1. Initial angiogenic activity was determined at 48 h and the mean angiogenic score and tumoricidal responses were assessed on Day 14.
Results and conclusion: Tumoricidal effects of (111)In-JIC 2DL were seen only in sst 2-positive IMR-32 tumors. However, the angiogenic response was inhibited in both IMR-32 and MDA MB-231 tumors independent of the tumor cells' sst 2 status. Somatostatin receptor-mediated in situ radiation therapy has profound cytotoxic effects on angiogenic blood vessels and sst 2-expressing tumor cells.
Copyright 2001 Academic Press.