Purpose: To our knowledge antibiotics are the most popular choice of therapy for all categories of the chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome. We determine if culture, leukocyte and/or antibody status of prostate specific specimens predicts patient response to antibiotic therapy.
Materials and methods: Patients clinically diagnosed with the chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome according to the National Institutes of Health (NIH) definition had a lower urinary tract evaluation that included standard microscopy and culture of prostate specific specimens, and determination of the ratio of voided bladder 3 and voided bladder 2 antibody levels against a panel of identified prostate pathogens (enzyme linked immunosorbent assay methodology). Symptom evaluation consisted of the NIH chronic prostatitis symptom index (derived) pain scale 0 to 21, symptom severity index scale 0 to 100, symptom frequency questionnaire scale 0 to 50 and quality of life scale 0 to 6. Patients were stratified according to microscopy, culture and immune status, were treated with 12 weeks of ofloxacin, and were assessed at 4, 12 and 24 weeks with symptom scores as well as global assessments.
Results: Based on leukocyte and culture results, 102 evaluable patients were stratified into categories II (14%), IIIA (48%) and IIIB (38%) of the chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome. Of the cases 23% were categorized as antibody positive and 77% as antibody negative. Average age was 42 +/- 10 years and 92% of patients were white. Of the patients 57% believed that they had moderate to marked improvement. All categories of the chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome and patients in whom antibody was positive or negative had significant improvement in the NIH chronic prostatitis symptom index, symptom severity index, symptom frequency questionnaire and quality of life scores compared with baseline (p <0.001). There was no significant difference in patient response to the stratification based on culture, leukocyte, that is categories II, IIIA and IIIB had same beneficial response, or antibody status.
Conclusions: Culture, leukocyte and antibody status of prostate specific specimens does not predict antibiotic response in patients with the chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome. The perceived beneficial effect of antibiotics needs to be evaluated in a randomized placebo controlled trial.