Monozygotic twins with chromosome 22q11 microdeletion and discordant phenotypes in cardiovascular patterning

Pediatr Cardiol. 2001 May-Jun;22(3):260-3. doi: 10.1007/s002460010219.


Monozygotic twins with chromosome 22q11 microdeletions offer an ideal situation to observe the association of microdeletion and disrupted cardiovascular patterning. We report monozygotic twins concordant for 22q11.2 microdeletion but discordant for cardiovascular patterning. Both twins showed identical intracardiac defects including tetralogy of Fallot with pulmonary atresia. Nevertheless, their great vessel patternings were variable. These twins show that the mispatterning of the great vessels may not correlate with intracardiac morphogenesis. The discordant development of the great vessels, especially in the pulmonary vascular system, has clinical significance for prognosis. The phenotypic variability of cardiovascular anomalies seen in 22q11 microdeletion cannot be explained on the basis of genotypic difference.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Abnormalities, Multiple / genetics*
  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 22 / genetics
  • Diseases in Twins / embryology*
  • Diseases in Twins / genetics*
  • Female
  • Heart Defects, Congenital / embryology*
  • Heart Defects, Congenital / genetics*
  • Humans
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Neural Crest / embryology
  • Phenotype
  • Pulmonary Atresia / genetics
  • Sequence Deletion / genetics
  • Tetralogy of Fallot / genetics
  • Twins, Monozygotic