Expression of PEPT2 peptide transporter mRNA and protein in glial cells of rat dorsal root ganglia

Neurosci Lett. 2001 May 25;304(3):181-4. doi: 10.1016/s0304-3940(01)01794-3.

Abstract

The peptide-transporter PEPT2 mediates electrogenic uphill transport of di- and tripeptides, selected peptidomimetics and delta aminolevulinic acid. The transporter was cloned from rat central nervous tissue recently and its mRNA was localized to astrocytes. In the present studies the expression of PEPT2-protein and -mRNA in rat dorsal root ganglia was investigated. Immunohistochemistry revealed PEPT2-immunoreactivity in satellite glial cells surrounding the ganglionic neurons. There was no expression in neuronal cells. In-situ-hybridization studies colocalized the expression of PEPT2-mRNA to satellite cells. This is the first report on the expression of PEPT2-protein in the peripheral nervous system where PEPT2 may serve as uptake system for products of protein degradation, for removal of biologically active short-chain peptides and non-peptides such as delta aminolevulinic acid.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Carrier Proteins / genetics*
  • Carrier Proteins / metabolism*
  • Ganglia, Spinal / cytology
  • Ganglia, Spinal / metabolism*
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • In Situ Hybridization
  • Neuroglia / metabolism*
  • RNA, Messenger / metabolism*
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley
  • Symporters*

Substances

  • Carrier Proteins
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Symporters
  • hydrogen-coupled oligopeptide transporter PepT2