American Academy of Pediatrics. Committee on Nutrition. Cholesterol in childhood

Pediatrics. 1998 Jan;101(1 Pt 1):141-7.

Abstract

This updated statement reviews the scientific justification for the recommendations of dietary changes in all healthy children (a population approach) and a strategy to identify and treat children who are at highest risk for the development of accelerated atherosclerosis in early adult life (an individualized approach). Although the precise fraction of risk for future coronary heart disease conveyed by elevated cholesterol levels in childhood is unknown, clear epidemiologic and experimental evidence indicates tha the risk is significant. Diet changes that lower fat, saturated fat, and cholesterol intake in children and adolescents can be applied safely and acceptably, resulting in improved plasma lipid profiles that, if carried into adult life have the potential to reduce atherosclerotic vascular disease.

Publication types

  • Guideline
  • Practice Guideline

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Algorithms
  • Animals
  • Arteriosclerosis / etiology
  • Arteriosclerosis / prevention & control
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Clinical Trials as Topic
  • Coronary Disease / etiology
  • Coronary Disease / prevention & control*
  • Diet, Atherogenic
  • Humans
  • Hypercholesterolemia / diagnosis*
  • Hypercholesterolemia / therapy*
  • Mass Screening
  • Risk Factors