The potent vasodilatory peptide, calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) is present in the innervation of vascular tissue. The actions of CGRP occur via a receptor, CGRP receptor(R)-1, which is also a target for the cardioprotective peptide adrenomedullin. The human version of the pharmacologically-defined CGRPR-1 has been cloned but its distribution and cellular location is unknown. A rabbit antibody was generated to a synthetic peptide that corresponds to the C-terminus of human CGRPR-1 Immunochemical analysis of the human cell-line, SK-N-MC, which exhibits functional expression of the CGRPR-1 confirmed the antibody's specificity. The antiserum revealed specific staining in the endothelium of human coronary arteries. The vascular smooth muscle and ventricular myocardium were not immunoreactive. In bronchial blood vessels CGRPR-1-immunoreactivity was detected in the endothelium of the venules and not in the arterioles, which is particularly relevant for elucidating the putative role of CGRP in inflammation in this tissue.
Copyright 2001 Harcourt Publishers Ltd.