To assess the prognostic value of exercise echocardiography in patients with prior coronary artery bypass surgery, follow-up was obtained in 718 patients (591 men [82%] and 127 women [18%], aged 67 +/- 9 years) who underwent clinically indicated exercise echocardiography 5.7 +/- 4.7 years after coronary bypass surgery. Resting wall motion abnormalities were present in 479 patients (67%). New or worsening wall motion abnormalities developed with exercise in 366 patients (51%). During a median follow-up of 2.9 years, cardiac events included cardiac death in 36 patients and nonfatal myocardial infarction in 40 patients. The addition of the exercise echocardiographic variables, abnormal left ventricular end-systolic volume response and exercise ejection fraction to the clinical, resting echocardiographic and exercise electrocardiographic model provided incremental information in predicting cardiac events (chi-square 37 to chi-square 42, p = 0.02) and cardiac death (chi-square 38 to chi-square 43, p <0.02). Exercise echocardiography provides prognostic information in patients after coronary artery bypass surgery, incremental to clinical, rest echocardiographic, and exercise electrocardiographic variables.