Epidermis-type lipoxygenases, a distinct subclass within the multigene family of mammalian lipoxygenases (LOX), comprise recently discovered novel isoenzymes isolated from human and mouse skin including human 15-LOX-2, human and mouse 12R-LOX, mouse 8S-LOX, and mouse e-LOX-3. We have isolated the human homologue of mouse e-LOX-3. The cDNA of 3362 bp encodes a 711-amino-acid protein displaying 89% sequence identity with the mouse protein and exhibiting the same unusual structural feature, i.e., an extra segment of 41 amino acids, which can be located beyond the N-terminal beta-barrel domain at the surface of the C-terminal catalytic domain. The gene encoding e-LOX-3, ALOXE3, was found to be part of a gene cluster of approximately 100 kb on human chromosome 17p13.1 containing in addition the 12R-LOX gene, ALOX12B, the 15-LOX-2 gene, ALOX15B, and a novel 15-LOX pseudogene, ALOX15P. ALOXE3 and ALOX12B are arranged in a head-to-tail fashion separated by 8.5 kb. The genes are split into 15 exons and 14 introns spanning 22 and 15 kb, respectively. ALOX15P was found on the opposite DNA strand directly adjacent to the 3'-untranslated region of ALOX12B. ALOX15B is located in the same orientation 25 kb downstream of ALOX12B, and is composed of 14 exons and 13 introns spanning a total of 9.7 kb of genomic sequence. RT-PCR analysis demonstrated a predominant expression of ALOXE3, ALOX12B, and ALOX15B in skin.
Copyright 2001 Academic Press.