Large vestibular aqueduct in distal renal tubular acidosis. High-resolution MR in three cases

Acta Radiol. 2001 May;42(3):320-2.

Abstract

High-resolution MR of the inner ear performed in 3 consecutive pediatric patients affected by distal renal tubular acidosis (dRTA) and progressive sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) revealed enlarged vestibular aqueducts (LVA) (bilateral in 1 case and unilateral in 2). LVA is associated to sporadic, progressive SNHL, often secondary to minor head trauma and activities involving the Valsalva maneuver. We believe that the presence of LVA may have contributed to the onset of SNHL and its progression in our patients, and therefore want to stress the importance of morphological studies of the inner ear in patients affected by dRTA and SNHL.

MeSH terms

  • Acidosis, Renal Tubular / complications*
  • Adolescent
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Disease Progression
  • Female
  • Hearing Loss, Sensorineural / etiology
  • Humans
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging*
  • Male
  • Vestibular Aqueduct / abnormalities*
  • Vestibular Aqueduct / pathology