Posttraumatic stress symptoms in refugees: assessments with the Harvard Trauma Questionnaire and the Hopkins symptom Checklist-25 in different languages

Psychol Rep. 2001 Apr;88(2):527-32. doi: 10.2466/pr0.2001.88.2.527.


The original versions of the Harvard Trauma Questionnaire and Hopkins Symptoms Checklist-25 were written and subsequently validated in the Cambodian, Laotian, and Vietnamese languages. For use in a Dutch treatment center, with refugee patients mostly speaking other languages, additional translations were made. The objective of this study was examination of the psychometric properties of some of these new translations, i.e., the Arabic, Farsi, Serbo-Croatian, Russian, and English bilingual adaptations. It is concluded that the psychometric properties of both tests are adequate across those different cultures and are, in general, applicable to measure symptoms of depression, anxiety, and posttraumatic stress disorder.

Publication types

  • Evaluation Study

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Anxiety / psychology
  • Asia / ethnology
  • Cross-Cultural Comparison
  • Depression / psychology
  • Europe / ethnology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Netherlands
  • Predictive Value of Tests
  • Psychiatric Status Rating Scales* / standards
  • Psychometrics
  • Refugees / psychology*
  • Refugees / statistics & numerical data
  • Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic / diagnosis*
  • Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic / ethnology
  • Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic / psychology
  • Translations