Nonprotein amino acids in edible lentil and garden pea seedlings

Amino Acids. 2001;20(3):319-24. doi: 10.1007/s007260170047.


Commercial edible seedlings of garden pea (Pisum sativum L.) and lentil (Lens culinaris L.) contain high concentration of nonprotein amino acids and trigonelline. Both seedlings grown in the laboratory or purchased in a supermarket were studied by HPLC. Samples from both origins contained trigonelline, alpha-aminoadipic acid, homoserine, beta-(isoxazolin-5-on-2-yl)-alanine (BIA), and gamma-glutamyl-BIA. Garden pea seedlings also contained a uracil-alanine derivative (isowillardiine) in substantial amount. Some of these compounds such as BIA and alpha-aminoadipic acid have neurotoxic activity.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • 2-Aminoadipic Acid / analysis
  • Alanine / analogs & derivatives
  • Alanine / analysis
  • Alkaloids / analysis
  • Amino Acids / analysis*
  • Fabaceae / chemistry*
  • Homoserine / analysis
  • Peas / chemistry*
  • Plants, Medicinal*
  • Seeds / chemistry


  • Alkaloids
  • Amino Acids
  • 2-Aminoadipic Acid
  • isowillardiine
  • trigonelline
  • Homoserine
  • Alanine