Revisional bariatric surgery--safe and effective

Obes Surg. 2001 Apr;11(2):183-9. doi: 10.1381/096089201321577857.


Background: Revision operations have traditionally been considered difficult and associated with a high complication and long-term failure rate. This paper demonstrates that revision and/or conversions to Roux-en-Y gastric bypass are generally safe as well as effective in long-term weight maintenance and control of co-morbidities.

Methods: A retrospective study from January 1989 through August 1999 was done involving 141 patients who had had various gastroplasty (118), gastric banding (6), jejunoileal bypass (3), or loop (2) and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGBP) procedures (12), with either technical failures or poor long-term maintained weight loss.

Results: The demographics were: mean pre-operative weight at original surgery 264 lbs (120 kg); postop weight at a mean elapsed time since surgery of 5 years, 4 months: 188 lbs (85 kg), or a mean excess weight loss of 59%. The mean BMI dropped from a pre-op 45 to a post-op 31. There were 7 complications which required emergency surgery (5%), which included 4 leaks, 2 subphrenic abscesses, and 1 wound dehiscence. Other complications included 4 hernias, 3 staple-line failures, 1 transient renal failure, and 3 incidences of peptic ulcer disease requiring surgery, giving a total major complication rate of 13% in 17 patients, with no deaths. An earlier experience of this author comparing conversion RYGBP vs revision gastroplasty found better morbidity rates and weight loss with those converted to RYGBP.

Conclusion: Converting failed gastric limiting and other bariatric procedures to RYGBP was safe and effective. Technical approaches to each problem type encountered are presented.

MeSH terms

  • Gastric Bypass*
  • Gastroplasty*
  • Humans
  • Jejunoileal Bypass* / adverse effects
  • Obesity, Morbid / surgery*
  • Reoperation
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Surgical Stapling