Carboxy terminal region of a chloroplast DNA polymerase accessory factor stimulates DNA polymerase activity

Indian J Biochem Biophys. 2000 Dec;37(6):424-32.


p43, a glycoprotein of pea chloroplast (ct), acts as an accessory protein of pea chloroplast DNA polymerase. p43 binds to DNA, binds to ct-DNA polymerase and stimulates the ct-DNA polymerase activity. In the work presented here, the C-terminal domain of p43 (p22) has been overexpressed in E. coli. South Western analysis reveals that the recombinant p22 lacks in DNA binding activity. However, the recombinant p22 can form complex with the pea ct-DNA polymerase quite efficiently and stimulates the DNA polymerase activity to a greater extent than the native p43. Thus the DNA binding domain of p43 appears to be spatially separate from the domain responsible for the DNA polymerase accessory activity. The DNA binding domain is also highly O-glycosylated and loss of glycosylation of p43 leads to enhanced DNA binding as well as repression of ct-DNA polymerase activity. These findings allow us to propose a model to explain how glycosylation of p43 helps ct-DNA polymerase latch onto the DNA template for enhanced processivity. The predictive components of the model have been discussed.

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Base Sequence
  • Chloroplasts / enzymology*
  • DNA Primers
  • DNA-Directed DNA Polymerase / chemistry
  • DNA-Directed DNA Polymerase / metabolism*
  • Glycoproteins / chemistry
  • Glycoproteins / genetics
  • Glycoproteins / metabolism
  • Glycosylation
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Plant Proteins*


  • DNA Primers
  • Glycoproteins
  • Plant Proteins
  • glycoprotein p43, Pisum sativum
  • DNA-Directed DNA Polymerase