Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura in HIV infection: a report of two cases

AIDS Patient Care STDS. 1996 Dec;10(6):349-52. doi: 10.1089/apc.1996.10.349.

Abstract

Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) is a rare but well-described complication of HIV infection, which occurs equally frequently during the early asymptomatic phase of HIV infection and with clinical AIDS. The clinical spectrum varies from a low-grade asymptomatic thrombocytopenia with mild renal insufficiency to a catastrophic illness with gross neurological deficits and renal failure requiring dialysis. We report two cases of TTP associated with HIV infection seen in our institution over a period of 2 years. The clinical course of these two patients highlights the markedly heterogeneous characteristics of patients with HIV-related TTP. HIV infection may be the most common association of TTP in certain communities with a high prevalence of HIV infection. As early diagnosis and institution of plasmapheresis is crucial for a favorable outcome it is important to be aware of this association.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Acute Kidney Injury / virology
  • Adult
  • HIV Infections / complications*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Plasmapheresis
  • Prognosis
  • Purpura, Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic / diagnosis
  • Purpura, Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic / therapy
  • Purpura, Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic / virology*