Specific psychiatric morbidity among patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in a Nigerian general hospital

J Psychosom Res. 2001 Apr;50(4):179-83. doi: 10.1016/s0022-3999(00)00206-3.


Objective: The goal of this study was to explore specific psychiatric morbidity among chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients in Nigeria.

Method: The mental status of 30 COPD patients was compared with those of 30 uncomplicated hypertensive patients and 30 apparently healthy controls using the 30-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-30) and Present State Examination (PSE). The sociodemographic characteristics of the three groups were also compared.

Results: The COPD population was significantly least educated and predominantly subsistent farmers. Thirty percent of the COPD population, 13.3% of the hypertensive patients and 3.3% of apparently healthy controls had psychiatric morbidity (P<.05). The COPD population, with psychiatric diagnoses consisted of 16.7% depressive episode, 10% generalized anxiety disorder and 3.3% delirium. This pattern is similar to data from industrialized countries. No sociodemographic factors were significantly associated with psychiatric morbidity.

Conclusion: Improving the psychiatric knowledge of the primary physician will result in better management of the COPD patient.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Demography
  • Educational Status
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Lung Diseases, Obstructive / complications
  • Lung Diseases, Obstructive / psychology*
  • Male
  • Mental Disorders / epidemiology
  • Mental Disorders / etiology*
  • Mental Status Schedule
  • Middle Aged
  • Morbidity
  • Nigeria
  • Primary Health Care