Individual differences in the phenomenological impact of social stigma

J Soc Psychol. 2001 Apr;141(2):174-89. doi: 10.1080/00224540109600545.


In an attempt to define stigmatization from the perspective of stigmatized group members, the author focused on the development and validation of a stigmatization scale. The scale's content validity was established with the assistance of experts in the field. European American, African American, and Native American students from 5 different U.S. universities completed the Stigmatization Scale. The construct validity of the scale was suggested by its convergence with similar measures of social alienation and its divergence from measures of personal subjective well-being. The finding that both the African American and Native American students reported significantly higher stigmatization scores than did the European Americans indicated the scale's known-groups validity. African American students at a predominantly Black university reported lower stigmatization than did African American students at a predominantly White university, suggesting the scale's malleability to context.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Cross-Cultural Comparison
  • Ethnicity / statistics & numerical data*
  • Humans
  • Prejudice
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Self Concept
  • Social Perception
  • Stereotyping*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires*