In five healthy subjects and 18 patients, cine magnetic resonance (MR) imaging of the heart was performed with a true fast imaging with steady-state precession (FISP) sequence. Results were compared both quantitatively and qualitatively with those at cine fast low-angle shot (FLASH) MR imaging. The blood-myocardial contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) was 2.0 times higher and the normalized (for measurement time and pixel size) blood-myocardial CNR was 4.0 times higher for true FISP compared with FLASH MR imaging. Qualitative scores for image quality were significantly higher with true FISP MR imaging. Segmented cine true FISP MR imaging generated high-contrast MR images of the heart in healthy subjects and in patients with heart disease and produced image quality superior to that with cine FLASH MR imaging.