Order of function of the budding-yeast mitotic exit-network proteins Tem1, Cdc15, Mob1, Dbf2, and Cdc5

Curr Biol. 2001 May 15;11(10):784-8. doi: 10.1016/s0960-9822(01)00228-7.

Abstract

The Dbf2 protein kinase functions as part of the mitotic-exit network (MEN), which controls the inactivation of the Cdc28-Clb2 kinase in late mitosis [1]. The MEN includes the Tem1 GTP binding protein; the kinases Cdc15 and Cdc5; Mob1, a protein of unknown function; and the phosphatase Cdc14 [2]. Here we have used Dbf2 kinase activity to investigate the regulation and order of function of the MEN. We find that Tem1 acts at the top of the pathway, upstream of Cdc15, which in turn functions upstream of Mob1 and Dbf2. The Cdc5 Polo-like kinase impinges at least twice on the MEN since it negatively regulates the network, probably upstream of Tem1, and is also required again for Dbf2 kinase activation. Furthermore, we find that regulation of Dbf2 kinase activity and actin ring formation at the bud neck are causally linked. In metaphase-arrested cells, the MEN inhibitor Bub2 restrains both Dbf2 kinase activity [3] and actin ring formation [4]. We find that the MEN proteins that are required for Dbf2 kinase activity are also required for actin ring formation. Thus, the MEN is crucial for the regulation of cytokinesis, as well as mitotic exit.

MeSH terms

  • Fungal Proteins / physiology*
  • Mitosis / physiology*
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / cytology*
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / physiology

Substances

  • Fungal Proteins