The identification of the "blank" allele HLA-B*5111N, which was detected in German and Czech individuals, is described. In the pedigree analysis this new allele segregates with the serological haplotype HLA-A2; B-; DR4 which is frequent in Czech population. The non-expression of B*5111N is caused by the insertion of an additional cytosine molecule at the cytosine island between the nucleotides 621-626 (codons 183-185, first three codons of exon 4) leading to a frame shift that creates a stop codon at codon 196. This insertion may be explained either by conversion with the pseudogene HLA-J or by slipped-strand mispairing. In order not to overlook the presence of alleles with altered expression in case of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, both serological and DNA-based typing should be performed (Note).