What's missing from multicultural competency research: review, introspection, and recommendations

Cultur Divers Ethnic Minor Psychol. 2001 May;7(2):121-38. doi: 10.1037/1099-9809.7.2.121.


Much of the multicultural counseling research has pointed out the need for counselors to become culturally competent to appropriately address the needs of an emerging diverse community. To date, however, this body of research has largely focused on counselor competencies, with little attention being given to the client perspective of multicultural counseling competencies. This article discusses the importance of integrating the client perspective within the historical context of the multicultural literature by examining client preferences and expectations, as well as the adequacy of the current empirical data. The authors also raise the issue of politics inherent in multiculturalism and discuss how this affects the research. A number of recommendations are made as a guide for future research.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Clinical Competence
  • Counseling* / education
  • Cultural Diversity*
  • Humans
  • Minority Groups / psychology*
  • Professional-Patient Relations*
  • Research Design*