The sesquiterpenoid constituents of the essential oils from the liverworts Frullania tamarisci, Frullania fragilifolia and of the angiosperm Valeriana officinalis were investigated. Tamariscene, a compound with a new sesquiterpene skeleton, valerena-4,7(11)-diene and five new pacifigorgiadienes, namely pacifigorgia-1,10-diene, pacifigorgia-1(6),10-diene, pacifigorgia-1(9),10-diene, pacifigorgia-2,10-diene, and pacifigorgia-2(10),11-diene were isolated and identified. Structure elucidation was carried out by NMR spectroscopy and chemical correlations to establish absolute configurations. Compounds present in both the essential oils of the Frullania species and Valeriana officinalis were enantiomeric to each other. A plausible biogenetic relationship between the pacifigorgiane, valerenane and tamariscane skeletons is postulated. Pacifigorgia-6,11-diene, not yet detected in nature, was generated by dehydration and rearrangement of natural (-)-tamariscol.