Time course of arterial hyperintensity with fast fluid-attenuated inversion-recovery imaging in acute and subacute middle cerebral arterial infarction

J Magn Reson Imaging. 2001 Jun;13(6):987-90. doi: 10.1002/jmri.1142.


The purpose of this study was to evaluate the time course of arterial hyperintensity (AH) in acute and subacute cerebral infarctions of the middle cerebral artery (MCA) distribution by using fast fluid-attenuated inversion-recovery (FLAIR) imaging. A total of 40 FLAIR MR examinations were performed in 27 patients with MCA infarction within 13 days after ictus. Thirteen patients underwent two MR examinations during this period. Thrombotic or embolic infarctions were included in this study, but lacunar infarctions were excluded. The presence or absence of AH and the location of AH were analyzed. Overall, AH was found in 24 (60%) of 40 FLAIR examinations within 13 days after onset. AH was seen in 17 (100%) examinations less than 24 hours old, four (40%) of 10 examinations 1-4 days old, two (18%) of 11 examinations 5-9 days old, and one (50%) of two examinations 10-13 days old. AH was most frequently found at the sylvian fissure (87%), followed by the sulci (54%), and the horizontal segment of MCA (29%) in the affected MCA distribution. Although AH could be seen even at 13 days after ictus, the presence of AH declined over time. AH represented an early sign of acute embolic or thrombotic infarction. J. Magn. Reson. Imaging 2001;13:987-990.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Image Enhancement*
  • Image Processing, Computer-Assisted*
  • Imaging, Three-Dimensional*
  • Infarction, Middle Cerebral Artery / diagnosis*
  • Magnetic Resonance Angiography*
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Middle Cerebral Artery / pathology*
  • Sensitivity and Specificity