Dendritic cells (DCs) loaded with tumour antigens have been successfully used to induce protective tumour immunity in murine models and human trials. However, it is still unclear which DC administration route elicits a superior therapeutic effect. Herein, we investigated the vaccine efficiency of DC2.4 cells, a murine dendritic cell line, pulsed with ovalbumin (OVA) in the murine E.G7-OVA tumour model after immunization via various routes. After a single vaccination using 1 x 10(6)OVA-pulsed DC2.4 cells, tumour was completely rejected in the intradermally (i.d.; three of four mice), subcutaneously (s.c.; three of four mice), and intraperitoneally (i.p.; one of four mice) immunized groups. Double vaccinations enhanced the anti-tumour effect in all groups except the intravenous (i.v.) group, which failed to achieve complete rejection. The anti-tumour efficacy of each immunization route was correlated with the OVA-specific cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) activity evaluated on day 7 post-vaccination. Furthermore, the accumulation of DC2.4 cells in the regional lymph nodes was detected only in the i.d.-and s.c.-injected groups. These results demonstrate that the administration route of antigen-loaded DCs affects the migration of DCs to lymphoid tissues and the magnitude of antigen-specific CTL response. Furthermore, the immunization route affects vaccine efficiency.
Copyright 2001 Cancer Research Campagin.