The TNF-receptor-associated factor family: scaffold molecules for cytokine receptors, kinases and their regulators

Cell Signal. 2001 Jun;13(6):389-400. doi: 10.1016/s0898-6568(01)00160-7.

Abstract

The TNF-receptor-associated factor (TRAF) family is a phylogenetically conserved group of scaffold proteins that link receptors of the IL-1R/Toll and TNF receptor family to signalling cascades, leading to the activation of NF-kappaB and mitogen-activated protein kinases. Furthermore, TRAF proteins serve as a docking platform for a variety of regulators of these signalling pathways and are themselves often regulated at the transcriptional and posttranslational level. In this review, we address the structural and molecular basis of TRAF protein functions and highlight their role in cytokine signalling.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Carrier Proteins / metabolism
  • Enzyme Activation
  • Humans
  • Kinetics
  • MAP Kinase Signaling System
  • Membrane Glycoproteins / metabolism
  • Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 8
  • Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases / metabolism
  • Models, Biological
  • Multigene Family*
  • NF-kappa B / metabolism
  • Protein Processing, Post-Translational
  • Protein Structure, Tertiary
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases*
  • Proteins / chemistry
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins / metabolism
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt
  • RANK Ligand
  • Receptor Activator of Nuclear Factor-kappa B
  • Receptors, Cytokine / metabolism*
  • Receptors, Tumor Necrosis Factor / genetics
  • Receptors, Tumor Necrosis Factor / physiology*
  • Signal Transduction*
  • TNF Receptor-Associated Factor 1
  • Transcription, Genetic
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha / metabolism

Substances

  • Carrier Proteins
  • Membrane Glycoproteins
  • NF-kappa B
  • Proteins
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins
  • RANK Ligand
  • Receptor Activator of Nuclear Factor-kappa B
  • Receptors, Cytokine
  • Receptors, Tumor Necrosis Factor
  • TNF Receptor-Associated Factor 1
  • TNFRSF11A protein, human
  • TNFSF11 protein, human
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt
  • Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 8
  • Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases