The development of insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus in both human and mouse is dependent on the interaction between genetic and environmental factors. The analysis of newly created NOD.C3H congenic strains for spontaneous and cyclophosphamide-induced diabetes has allowed the definition of three controlling genetic loci on mouse chromosome 6. A NOD-derived susceptibility allele at the Idd6 locus strongly influences the onset of diabetes in spontaneous diabetes. A NOD-derived resistance allele at the Idd19 locus affects the final diabetes incidence observed in both models, while a novel locus, provisionally termed Idd20, appears to control Idd19 in an epistatic manner. Decreased diabetes incidence is observed in CY-induced diabetes when Idd20 is homozygous for the C3H allele, while heterozygosity is associated with an increase in diabetes incidence. The Idd20, Idd19, and Idd6 candidate regions fall respectively within genetically defined intervals of 4, 7, and 4.5 cM on mouse chromosome 6. From our YAC contig, Idd6 would appear to localize within a ca. 1.5-Mb region on distal chromosome 6.
Copyright 2001 Academic Press.