Control of cell polarity and chemotaxis by Akt/PKB and PI3 kinase through the regulation of PAKa

Mol Cell. 2001 May;7(5):937-47. doi: 10.1016/s1097-2765(01)00247-7.

Abstract

We demonstrate that PI3 kinase and protein kinase B (PKB or Akt) control cell polarity and chemotaxis, in part, through the regulation of PAKa, which is required for myosin II assembly. We demonstrate that PI3K and PKB mediate PAKa's subcellular localization, PAKa's activation in response to chemoattractant stimulation, and chemoattractant-mediated myosin II assembly. Mutation of the PKB phosphorylation site in PAKa to Ala blocks PAKa's activation and inhibits PAKa redistribution in response to chemoattractant stimulation, whereas an Asp substitution leads to an activated protein. Addition of the PI3K inhibitor LY294002 results in a rapid loss of cell polarity and the axial distribution of actin, myosin, and PAKa. These results provide a mechanism by which PI3K regulates chemotaxis.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cell Polarity / drug effects*
  • Chemotaxis / drug effects*
  • Cytoskeletal Proteins / drug effects
  • Cytoskeletal Proteins / physiology
  • Dictyostelium / cytology
  • Dictyostelium / genetics
  • Dictyostelium / physiology
  • Enzyme Activation / drug effects
  • Enzyme Activation / genetics
  • Mutagenesis, Site-Directed
  • Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases / pharmacology*
  • Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases / physiology
  • Phosphorylation
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases / drug effects*
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases / genetics
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases / metabolism
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins / pharmacology*
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins / physiology
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt
  • Signal Transduction / drug effects
  • Signal Transduction / physiology
  • Subcellular Fractions / drug effects
  • Subcellular Fractions / physiology
  • Transfection

Substances

  • Cytoskeletal Proteins
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins
  • PAKa protein, Dictyostelium discoideum
  • Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt