"Enteric Tears": Chloride Secretion and Its Neural Regulation

News Physiol Sci. 1998 Dec;13:269-274.


Neural reflex circuits within the submucosal plexus and axon reflexes via extrinsic primary afferents control chloride secretion by intestinal epithelial cells. The regulation of chloride secretion is a complex interplay between excitatory and inhibitory influences from neurotransmitters and chemical messengers released from epithelial, endocrine, and immune cells.