This article represents the proceedings of a symposium at the 2000 ISBRA Meeting in Yokohama, Japan. The chairs were Toshio Narahashi and Bo Söderpalm. The presentations were (1) Nicotinic mechanisms and ethanol reinforcement: Behavioral and neurochemical studies, by Bo Söderpalm, M. Ericson, P. Olausson, and J. A. Engel; (2) Chronic nicotine and ethanol: Differential regulation in gene expression of nicotinic acetylcholine receptor subunits, by X. Zhang and A. Nordberg; (3) Nicotine-ethanol interactions at neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors, by Toshio Narahashi, William Marszalec, and Gary L. Aistrup; (4) Relapse prevention in alcoholics by cigarette smoking? Treatment outcome in an observational study with acamprosate, by L.G. Schmidt, U. Kalouti, M. Smolka, and M. Soyka; and (5) Effect of nicotine on voluntary ethanol intake and development of alcohol dependence in male rats, by L. Hedlund and G. Wahlström.