Mechanisms of alcohol-nicotine interactions: alcoholics versus smokers

Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2001 May;25(5 Suppl ISBRA):152S-156S. doi: 10.1097/00000374-200105051-00026.

Abstract

This article represents the proceedings of a symposium at the 2000 ISBRA Meeting in Yokohama, Japan. The chairs were Toshio Narahashi and Bo Söderpalm. The presentations were (1) Nicotinic mechanisms and ethanol reinforcement: Behavioral and neurochemical studies, by Bo Söderpalm, M. Ericson, P. Olausson, and J. A. Engel; (2) Chronic nicotine and ethanol: Differential regulation in gene expression of nicotinic acetylcholine receptor subunits, by X. Zhang and A. Nordberg; (3) Nicotine-ethanol interactions at neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors, by Toshio Narahashi, William Marszalec, and Gary L. Aistrup; (4) Relapse prevention in alcoholics by cigarette smoking? Treatment outcome in an observational study with acamprosate, by L.G. Schmidt, U. Kalouti, M. Smolka, and M. Soyka; and (5) Effect of nicotine on voluntary ethanol intake and development of alcohol dependence in male rats, by L. Hedlund and G. Wahlström.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Acamprosate
  • Acetylcholine / pharmacology
  • Alcohol Deterrents / pharmacology
  • Alcoholism / drug therapy
  • Alcoholism / metabolism*
  • Animals
  • Central Nervous System Depressants / pharmacology*
  • Drug Interactions / physiology
  • Ethanol / pharmacology*
  • Gene Expression / physiology*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Nicotine / pharmacology*
  • Nicotine / therapeutic use
  • Nicotinic Agonists / pharmacology*
  • Nicotinic Agonists / therapeutic use
  • Rats
  • Receptors, Nicotinic / metabolism
  • Reinforcement, Psychology
  • Secondary Prevention
  • Smoking / metabolism*
  • Taurine / analogs & derivatives
  • Taurine / pharmacology
  • Vasodilator Agents / pharmacology
  • Ventral Tegmental Area / drug effects
  • Ventral Tegmental Area / metabolism

Substances

  • Alcohol Deterrents
  • Central Nervous System Depressants
  • Nicotinic Agonists
  • Receptors, Nicotinic
  • Vasodilator Agents
  • Taurine
  • Ethanol
  • Nicotine
  • Acamprosate
  • Acetylcholine