Long-term results of ileal pouch-anal anastomosis for colorectal Crohn's disease

Dis Colon Rectum. 2001 Jun;44(6):769-78. doi: 10.1007/BF02234693.

Abstract

Introduction: The aim of this study is to report ten-year results of ileal pouch-anal anastomosis in selected patients with colorectal Crohn's disease for whom coloproctectomy and definitive end ileostomy was the only alternative.

Methods: 41 patients (22 females/19 males) with a mean age of 36 +/- 13 (range, 16-72) years underwent ileal pouch-anal anastomosis for colorectal Crohn's disease between 1985 to 1998. None had past or present history of anal manifestations or evidence of small-bowel involvement. Diagnosis of Crohn's disease was established preoperatively in 26 patients, on the resected specimen after ileal pouch-anal anastomosis, or after occurrence of Crohn's disease-related complication in 15 patients.

Results: Follow-up was 113 +/- 37 months, (18-174) 20 patients having been followed for more than 10 years. There was no postoperative death. Eleven (27 percent) patients experienced Crohn's disease-related complications, 47 +/- 34 months (8-101) after ileal pouch-anal anastomosis: 2 had persistent anal ulcerations with pouchitis and granulomas on pouch biopsy and were treated medically; 2 experienced extrasphincteric abscesses and 7 presented pouch-perineal fistulas which were treated surgically. Among them, 3 patients with persistent perineal fistula despite surgery required definitive end-ileostomy. Of the 20 patients followed for more than 10 years, 7 (35 percent) experienced Crohn's disease-related complications which required pouch excision in 2 (10 percent).

Conclusions: Ten years after ileal pouch-anal anastomosis for colorectal Crohn's disease, rates of Crohn's disease-related complications and pouch excision were 35 and 10 percent, respectively. These good long-term results justify for us to propose ileal pouch-anal anastomosis in selected patients with colorectal Crohn's disease (i.e., no past or present history of anal manifestations and no evidence of small-bowel involvement) for whom the only alternative is definitive end ileostomy.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Anastomosis, Surgical
  • Crohn Disease / surgery*
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Granuloma
  • Humans
  • Ileostomy*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Postoperative Complications
  • Pouchitis
  • Proctocolectomy, Restorative*
  • Rectal Fistula
  • Recurrence
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Ulcer