Symptoms Related to Obstructive Sleep Apnoea Are Common in Subjects With Asthma, Chronic Bronchitis and Rhinitis in a General Population

Respir Med. 2001 May;95(5):423-9. doi: 10.1053/rmed.2001.1054.

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to examine the prevalence of self-reported snoring, apnoeas and daytime sleepiness in relation to chronic bronchitis, recurrent wheeze, physician-diagnosed asthma and rhinitis. This was a questionnaire study in a representative sample of a general population. The study was a part of the Obstructive Lung Disease in Northern Sweden Studies (OLIN). A total of 5424 subjects aged 20-69 years, born on the 15th day of each month, participated in the study. Eligible answers were obtained from 4648 subjects (85.7%). Having snoring as a problem was reported by 10.7%. Among subjects with chronic bronchitis it was reported by 25.9%, with recurrent wheeze by 21.3%, with physician-diagnosed asthma by 17.9%, and with rhinitis by 14.7%. Relatives' concerns of witnessed apnoea was reported by 6.8% of all subjects, while among subjects with chronic bronchitis it was reported by 18.1%, with recurrent wheeze by 17.1%, with physician-diagnosed asthma by 14.3%, and with rhinitis by 9.1%. After correction for age, gender and smoking habits, chronic bronchitis, rhinitis, asthma, and current smoking were significantly related, with snoring as a problem and with relatives' concern of witnessed apnoeas. Symptoms of daytime sleepiness were significantly related with concern of witnessed apnoeas, chronic bronchitis, snoring as a problem, recurrent wheeze and age 50-59 years. In conclusion, respiratory symptoms and conditions affecting mainly the lower respiratory tract, such as chronic bronchitis and asthma, were related with symptoms common in obstructive sleep apnoea.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Asthma / epidemiology*
  • Bronchitis / epidemiology*
  • Chronic Disease
  • Comorbidity
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Logistic Models
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Prevalence
  • Rhinitis / epidemiology*
  • Sleep Apnea, Obstructive / epidemiology*
  • Smoking / epidemiology
  • Snoring / epidemiology
  • Sweden / epidemiology