Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) is an incretin, which induces glucose-dependent insulin secretion. GLP-1 is rapidly degraded by dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPPIV) after its release. We investigated whether DPPIV-deficient F344/DuCrj rats show improved glucose tolerance when compared with DPPIV-positive F344/Jcl rats. Oral glucose tolerance test indicated improved glucose tolerance in F344/DuCrj rats, but blood glucose levels of the two strains were almost the same 120 min after the glucose bolus. Valine-pyrrolidide, a DPPIV inhibitor, had no effect on the glucose tolerance of F344/DuCrj rats, but improved that of F344/Jcl rats. Enhanced insulin secretion and high plasma active GLP-1 levels were detected in an intraduodenal glucose tolerance test. Glucose tolerance is improved in DPPIV-deficient F344/DuCrj rats via enhanced insulin release mediated by high active GLP-1 levels. Our results suggest that DPPIV inhibition is a rational strategy to treat diabetic patients by improving glucose tolerance with low risk of hypoglycemia.
Copyright 2001 Academic Press.