[The EX-utero Intrapartum Technique (EXIT) procedure in Italy]

Minerva Ginecol. 2001 Jun;53(3):209-14.
[Article in Italian]


Aim of the study was to present the first two Italian cases of C-section performed with the EXIT procedure (EX-utero Intrapartum Technique). Deliveries were performed at the Division of Obstetrics and Gynecology of the Hospital of Padua in cooperation with the Pediatric Surgery Department, both tertiary care centers. The first case was a twin with a huge neck mass (cystic hygroma) and the second a fetus with an oropharyngeal mass (epignathus). Airway patency could have been compromised at birth in both of them. EXIT procedure consists in securing the airway of the fetus partially delivered and still connected with the placenta. This technique leaves an intact feto-placental circulation and guarantees a normal fetal oxygenation while fetal airway patency is secured. Both the fetuses were successfully intubated and the C-section ended up in a short period of time without maternal and fetal complications. The EXIT technique, performed for the first time in 1989 and now in many centers abroad, can be considered a safe procedure as long as a multidisciplinary approach is carried out. The EXIT procedure is indicated whenever fetal airways can be compromised at birth, that is when oropharyngeal masses, laryngeal atresia, cystic hygroma and goiter are encountered during prenatal ultrasound.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Airway Obstruction / etiology
  • Cesarean Section / methods*
  • Delivery, Obstetric*
  • Diseases in Twins
  • Female
  • Fetal Diseases / diagnostic imaging
  • Fetal Diseases / surgery*
  • Head and Neck Neoplasms / surgery*
  • Humans
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Lymphangioma, Cystic / surgery*
  • Male
  • Oropharyngeal Neoplasms / surgery*
  • Placental Circulation
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy, Multiple
  • Twins
  • Ultrasonography, Prenatal