Stearoyl-CoA desaturase (SCD) catalyzes the rate-limiting step in the cellular synthesis of monounsaturated fatty acids mainly oleate (C18:1) and palmitoleate (C16:1) which are the major monounsaturated fatty acids of membrane phospholipids, cholesterol esters, waxes, and triglycerides. Several SCD isoforms exist in the mouse whereas the human has one well-characterized SCD gene. The trans-10,cis-12 isomer of conjugated linoleic acid has been previously shown to repress the expression of the mouse SCD1 gene isomer by decreasing SCD gene expression as well as by direct inhibition of SCD enzyme activity. We studied the regulation of human stearoyl-CoA desaturase (SCD) expression by conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) in cultured human hepatoblastoma cell line, HepG2. Treatment of the cells with the trans-10,cis-12 CLA isomer did not cause changes in the SCD gene transcription, mRNA and protein levels. However, this isomer decreased both the SCD activity as well as the levels of monounsaturated fatty acids. The other major CLA isomer, cis-9,trans-11 CLA, had no effect on SCD gene expression and activity. These results suggest that in HepG2 cells the trans-10,cis-12 CLA isomer regulates human SCD activity mainly by a posttranslational mechanism.
Copyright 2001 Academic Press.