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, 21 (4), 299-310

Determination of the Van Der Waals, Electron Donor and Electron Acceptor Surface Tension Components of Static Gram-positive Microbial Biofilms

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Determination of the Van Der Waals, Electron Donor and Electron Acceptor Surface Tension Components of Static Gram-positive Microbial Biofilms

R Briandet et al. Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces.

Abstract

A large number of studies have shown the influence of the physico-chemical properties of a surface on microbial adhesion phenomenon. In this study, we considered that the presence of a bacterial biofilm may be regarded as a "conditioning film" that may modify the physico-chemical characteristics of the support, and thus the adhesion capability of planktonic micro-organisms coming into contact with this substratum. In this context, we adapted a protocol for biofilm formation that allows, under our experimental conditions, contact angle measurements, the reference method to determine the energetic surface properties of a substratum. This made it possible to determine the van der Waals, electron acceptor and electron donor properties of static biofilms grown at 25 degrees C on stainless-steel slides with six Gram-positive bacteria isolated in dairy plants. A variance analysis indicated significant effects (P<0.05) of the bacterial strains and of the physiological state of the micro-organisms (planktonic or sessile) on the contact angles. To link the energetic properties of the six biofilms with direct adhesion experiments, we measured the affinity of fluorescent carboxylate-modified polystyrene beads for the different biofilm surfaces. The results correlated best with the electron-acceptor components of the biofilm surface energies, stressing the importance of Lewis acid-base interactions in adhesion mechanisms.

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