Reperfusion and compartment syndromes: strategies for prevention and treatment

Semin Vasc Surg. 2001 Jun;14(2):107-13. doi: 10.1053/svas.2001.23166.


Reperfusion syndrome refers to the damage done by restoration of blood flow to ischemic tissues and is distinct from the original ischemic insult itself, whereas compartment syndrome refers to the damage resulting from increased pressure within an enclosed fascial compartment that occurs after blood flow has been restored. Despite extensive experimental work directed toward the treatment of established reperfusion injury and prevention of compartment syndrome, clinical outcome over the past decade has not appreciably changed. Although the systemic insult, thought to be an inevitable result of reperfusion injury, may be less injurious than "conventional wisdom" would suggest, no better strategy for treating compartment syndrome other than early recognition and decompression has yet been developed.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Compartment Syndromes* / prevention & control
  • Compartment Syndromes* / therapy
  • Humans
  • Reperfusion Injury* / prevention & control
  • Reperfusion Injury* / therapy