Objective: To determine aqueous humor flow rate in clinically normal dogs, using fluorophotometry.
Animals: 20 clinically normal Beagles.
Procedure: A study was performed on 5 dogs to establish an optimal protocol for fluorophotometric determination of aqueous humor flow rate. This protocol then was used to measure aqueous humor flow rate in 15 dogs. Corneas were loaded with fluorescein by topical application, and corneal and aqueous humor fluorescein concentrations were measured 5, 6.5, and 8 hours after application. Concentration-versus-time plots were generated, and slopes and ratios of the fluorescein concentration in the cornea and aqueous humor from these graphs were used to calculate flow rates. Calculations were performed by use of automated software provided with the fluorophotometer and by manual computation, and the 2 calculation methods were compared.
Results: The protocol established for the 5 dogs resulted in semilogarithmic and parallel decay of corneal and aqueous humor concentrations. Manually calculated mean +/- SD aqueous humor flow rates for left, right, and both eyes were 5.58 +/- 2.42, 4.86 +/- 2.49, and 5.22 +/- 1.87 microl/min, respectively, whereas corresponding flow rates calculated by use of the automated software were 4.54 +/- 3.08, 4.54 +/- 3.10, and 4.54 +/- 2.57 microl/min, respectively. Values for the left eye were significantly different between the 2 computation methods.
Conclusions and clinical relevance: Aqueous humor flow rates can be determined in dogs, using fluorophotometry. This technique can be used to assess pathologic states and medical and surgical treatments that alter aqueous humor dynamics.