PACT, a double-stranded RNA binding protein acts as a positive regulator for type I interferon gene induced by Newcastle disease virus

Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2001 Mar 30;282(2):515-23. doi: 10.1006/bbrc.2001.4606.


Virus infection triggers innate responses to host cells including production of type I interferon (IFN). Since IFN production is also induced by treatment with poly(I:C), viral double-stranded (ds) RNA has been postulated to play a direct role in the process. In the present study, we investigated the effect of dsRNA binding proteins on virus-induced activation of the IFN-beta gene. We found that PACT, originally identified as protein activator for dsRNA-dependent protein kinase (PKR) and implicated in the regulation of translation, augmented IFN-beta gene activation induced by Newcastle disease virus. Concomitantly with the augmented activity of IFN-beta enhancer, increased activity of NF-kappaB and IRF-3 and IRF-7 was observed. For the observed effect, the dsRNA-binding activity of PACT was essential. We identified residues of PACT that interact with a presumptive target molecule to exert its function. Furthermore, PACT colocalized with viral replication complex in the infected cells. Thus the observed effect of PACT is novel and PACT is involved in the regulation of viral replication and results in a marked increase of cellular IFN-beta gene expression.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Binding Sites
  • Carrier Proteins / chemistry
  • Carrier Proteins / genetics
  • Carrier Proteins / metabolism*
  • Cell Line
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / metabolism
  • Enhancer Elements, Genetic
  • Gene Expression Regulation
  • HeLa Cells
  • Humans
  • Interferon Regulatory Factor-3
  • Interferon Regulatory Factor-7
  • Interferon-beta / genetics*
  • Mice
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Mutation
  • NF-kappa B / metabolism
  • Newcastle disease virus / immunology
  • Newcastle disease virus / pathogenicity*
  • Newcastle disease virus / physiology
  • Protein Structure, Tertiary
  • RNA, Double-Stranded / metabolism*
  • RNA-Binding Proteins*
  • Recombinant Proteins / chemistry
  • Recombinant Proteins / genetics
  • Recombinant Proteins / metabolism
  • Ribonucleoproteins / chemistry
  • Ribonucleoproteins / genetics
  • Ribonucleoproteins / metabolism*
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
  • Transcription Factors / metabolism
  • Transcriptional Activation
  • Virus Replication


  • Carrier Proteins
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • IRF3 protein, human
  • IRF7 protein, human
  • Interferon Regulatory Factor-3
  • Interferon Regulatory Factor-7
  • Irf3 protein, mouse
  • Irf7 protein, mouse
  • NF-kappa B
  • PRKRA protein, human
  • Prkra protein, mouse
  • RNA, Double-Stranded
  • RNA-Binding Proteins
  • Recombinant Proteins
  • Ribonucleoproteins
  • Transcription Factors
  • Interferon-beta