Vacuum constriction and external erection devices in erectile dysfunction

Urol Clin North Am. 2001 May;28(2):335-41, ix-x. doi: 10.1016/s0094-0143(05)70142-7.


The development of external erection devices has evolved as the social stigma surrounding the treatment of erectile dysfunction has gradually disappeared during the late twentieth century. Although the success of surgical and medical therapy for erectile dysfunction has been documented, especially since the introduction of sildenafil citrate, patient demand for an effective, noninvasive, drug-free management of erectile dysfunction has remained. As the population continues to age, acquiring the comorbidities commonly associated with erectile dysfunction, such as hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and atherosclerotic vascular disease, the demand for such treatment should persist. This article examines the development, mechanism of action, efficacy, and patient satisfaction with regard to vacuum constriction and external erection devices.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Constriction
  • Erectile Dysfunction / therapy*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Splints
  • Vacuum