Application of finite element analysis in implant dentistry: a review of the literature

J Prosthet Dent. 2001 Jun;85(6):585-98. doi: 10.1067/mpr.2001.115251.

Abstract

Finite element analysis (FEA) has been used extensively to predict the biomechanical performance of various dental implant designs as well as the effect of clinical factors on implant success. By understanding the basic theory, method, application, and limitations of FEA in implant dentistry, the clinician will be better equipped to interpret results of FEA studies and extrapolate these results to clinical situations. This article reviews the current status of FEA applications in implant dentistry and discusses findings from FEA studies in relation to the bone-implant interface, the implant-prosthesis connection, and multiple-implant prostheses.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Biomechanical Phenomena
  • Computer Simulation
  • Dental Alloys / chemistry
  • Dental Implantation, Endosseous*
  • Dental Implants*
  • Dental Prosthesis Design
  • Dental Prosthesis, Implant-Supported
  • Dental Restoration Failure
  • Finite Element Analysis*
  • Humans
  • Jaw / pathology
  • Jaw / physiopathology
  • Models, Biological
  • Osseointegration
  • Stress, Mechanical
  • Surface Properties

Substances

  • Dental Alloys
  • Dental Implants