Twenty-one patients with hemianopia received 4 weeks of compensatory visual field training. Detection of and reaction time to visual stimuli were measured with eyes fixating (condition A) and with use of exploratory eye movements (condition B) before and after training. Twenty-three healthy individuals served as control subjects for measurements of parameters during both conditions. Patients with hemianopia to either side showed a marked improvement of detection and reaction time during condition B, but minimum or no change during condition A. Improvements were maintained 8 months after training. Activity of daily living skills also improved in all patients. The size of scotoma on computerized perimetry, in contrast, remained unchanged. Training improved detection of and reaction to visual stimuli without restitution of the visual field defect.