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Comparative Study
, 71 (3), 195-200

A Comparative Study of Caucasian and Japanese Mandibular Clinical Arch Forms

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Comparative Study

A Comparative Study of Caucasian and Japanese Mandibular Clinical Arch Forms

K Nojima et al. Angle Orthod.

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to clarify morphological differences between Caucasian and Japanese mandibular clinical arch forms in Class I, II, and III malocclusions. The study included 60 Class I, 50 Class II, and 50 Class III cases from each ethnic group. The most facial portion of 13 proximal contact areas was digitized from photocopied images of the mandibular dental arches. Clinical bracket points were calculated for each tooth based on mandibular tooth thickness data. Four linear and 2 proportional measurements were taken. The dental arches were classified into square, ovoid, and tapered forms to determine and compare the frequency distributions between the 2 ethnic groups. The Caucasian population had a statistically significant decreased arch width and increased arch depth compared with the Japanese population. When the subjects were regrouped by arch form, no statistically significant difference in arch dimension was observed between the 2 ethnic groups in any of the arch form samples. Our results suggest that there is no single arch form specific to any of the Angle classifications or ethnic groups. It appears to be the frequency of a particular arch form that varies among Angle classifications or ethnic groups.

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