Clinical findings, consanguinity, and pedigrees in children with anophthalmos in southern India

Dev Med Child Neurol. 2001 Jun;43(6):392-8. doi: 10.1017/s0012162201000731.


This study aimed to describe clinical findings, pedigrees, and possible environmental risk factors in children with clinical anophthalmos and remnant microphthalmos in either eye in southern India. Twenty-four children (14 male, 10 female; mean age 10.3 years, age range 1.3 to 18 years,) were recruited from schools for the blind, hospitals, and community-based rehabilitation programmes in Andhra Pradesh, India, over 1 year. Family members were examined, and mothers interviewed. Fifteen children had anophthalmos and nine had remnant microphthalmos in one or both eyes. Twelve children had associated systemic findings, of which six were major and six were minor abnormalities. Information on consanguinity was available in 19 children, 12 of whom had consanguineous parents. Five children had a positive family history. Two mothers had a history of night blindness, and one had a history of pesticide exposure during pregnancy. High rates of consanguinity suggest a genetic recessive aetiology.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Anophthalmos / genetics*
  • Anophthalmos / pathology*
  • Anophthalmos / physiopathology
  • Anophthalmos / rehabilitation
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Consanguinity*
  • Female
  • Genes, Recessive
  • Humans
  • India
  • Infant
  • Male
  • Pedigree
  • Phenotype
  • Pregnancy
  • Risk Factors
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Visual Acuity