Skip to main page content
Access keys NCBI Homepage MyNCBI Homepage Main Content Main Navigation
. 2001 Jul;34(7):941-9.
doi: 10.1016/s0021-9290(01)00050-1.

Combination of Reduced Oxygen Tension and Intermittent Hydrostatic Pressure: A Useful Tool in Articular Cartilage Tissue Engineering

Affiliations

Combination of Reduced Oxygen Tension and Intermittent Hydrostatic Pressure: A Useful Tool in Articular Cartilage Tissue Engineering

U Hansen et al. J Biomech. .

Abstract

Cartilage cells are normally studied under atmospheric pressure conditions and without loading. However, since cartilage exists in a condition of reduced oxygen and intermittent hydrostatic pressure we hypothesized lower partial oxygen pressures (PO2) and different intermittent hydrostatic pressures (IHP) would increase articular chondrocyte proliferation and matrix production and to stabilize chondrocyte phenotype in vitro. Monolayers of adult bovine articular chondrocytes were cultured under 5% or 21% PO2 in combination with IHP (0.2 MPa amplitude, frequencies 5/5s = 0.1 Hz, 30/2 or 2/30 min on/off loading). We measured proliferation (3H-thymidine incorporation) and collagen secretion (protein-binding assay, collagen type II-ELISA and immunocytochemical staining of pericellular collagen types I, II and IX). Reduced PO2 stimulated proliferation and collagen type II and IX secretion of chondrocytes in comparison to 21% PO2. Additionally, collagen type I expression was delayed by low PO2, indicating a stabilization of the cell phenotype. IHP 5/5s and 30/2 min inhibited proliferation but increased collagen secretion (pericellular collagen type IX was decreased). IHP 30/2 min delayed first expression of collagen type I. In contrast, IHP 2/30 min increased proliferation, but lowered collagen expression. All stimulating or inhibiting effects of PO2 and IHP were additive and vice versa. Reduced PO2 and different settings of IHP increased proliferation, collagen secretion, and phenotype stability of chondrocytes. The oxygen- and IHP-induced effects were additive, suggesting that a combination of these parameters might be a useful tool in cartilage tissue engineering.

Similar articles

See all similar articles

Cited by 29 articles

See all "Cited by" articles

Publication types

LinkOut - more resources

Feedback