Purpose: Preclinical and clinical investigation of the combination of the antiangiogenesis/anti-invasion agent carboxyamido-triazole (CAI) administered with the cytotoxic agent paclitaxel (PAX).
Experimental design: Colony-forming assays were used to test the activity of CAI plus PAX on A2780 human ovarian cancer. The sequence of CAI followed by PAX (CAI>Pax) was modeled in nude mice to test for potential additive toxicity. The Phase I clinical dose escalation schema tested p.o. administered CAI in PEG-400 (50-100 mg/m(2)) or micronized CAI (250 mg/m(2)) for 8 days followed by a 3-h infusion of PAX (110-250 mg/m(2)) every 21 days. Patients were assessed for toxicity, pharmacokinetics of CAI and PAX, and disease outcome.
Results: In preclinical studies, CAI>Pax was additive in A2780 human ovarian cancer cell lines when CAI (1 or 5 microM) preceded subtherapeutic doses of PAX. CAI did not reverse PAX resistance and collateral resistance to CAI was documented in PAX-resistant cells. CAI>PAX administration had no overt additive toxicity in nude mice. Thirty-nine patients were treated on a dose-escalation Phase I trial using daily oral CAI for 8 days followed by the PAX infusion. Pharmacokinetic analysis revealed that PAX caused an acute increase in circulating CAI concentrations in a dose-dependent fashion. No additive or cumulative toxicity was observed, and grade 3 nonhematological toxicity was rare. Three partial responses and two minor responses were observed.
Conclusions: The sequential combination of CAI and PAX is well tolerated, and the activity observed suggests that further study of the combination is warranted.